Germany has announced that it will allow parents to register their children as a third gender, "intersex," on their birth certificates, making it the first country to do so. According to the Federal Constitutional Court, legislators must pass new regulation that offers the third gender option by the end of 2018, having deemed previous current regulations as discriminatory.
The case had been brought to the court by an intersex person, who had been registered as female, but was confirmed to be neither male or female by a chromosome test. The person had made previous bids to offer such options, like "inter" or "various," on birth certificates, but had been rejected by smaller courts.
Intersex people are those born with both male and female sex characteristics. Other countries that recognize the intersex gender on official documents include Australia, India, New Zealand and Nepal. Denmark, Malta, Ireland and Norway also allow adult citizens to self-determine their legal gender without medical examination, even allowing them to retroactively change their birth certificates in some cases.